During the past three decades, drug testing of employees and job applicants has become a crucial part of employers’ efforts to maintain drug-free workplaces. Drug use is a significant threat to workplace
health, safety and productivity. In addition to testing, drug-free workplace programs typically include education about the risks of drug use, especially in the workplace, and employee assistance programs to support treatment and long-term recovery of employees with substance use and other medical and behavioral health problems. Workplace drug testing programs identify those who need assistance in addressing their drug use problems, reinforce prevention messages, and deter workers from using drugs.