Amphetamines-Ice

Male Drivers On Speed

Speed is the most commonly detected illicit drug at random police tests in Victoria accounting for 8 out of 10 detections.

Cannabis was detected by one in three detections and ecstasy at one in eight detections.

Males represent nine out of ten positive drug detections with one in three detected drivers less than 35 years.

One in every sixty-nine random drug tests is positive for an illicit drug.

(Source: Victoria Police Media Release 15 July 2010)

DRUG ADVISORY COUNCIL COMMENTS-

With such a high drug use detection rate in Victoria there is now a need to focus on getting drivers' drug free.

After apprehension for drug driving, authorities have the perfect opportunity to divert drug drivers into rehabilitation.

Its time to invest in rehabilitation programs that are backed by court diversion programs that help users to quit.

Safer communities are the beneficiaries of reducing drug driving only if the drug users cease using.

Unless drug drivers get help to quit they continue to pose a risk to others.

These figures show a diversion program aimed at males and users of speed diverted into rehabilitation would have a major reduction in road trauma.

All Australian states and territories can benefit from these police experiences.

 

Amphetamines

Amphetamines like speed and ICE had a 60 per cent increase in border detections during 2008/9.

Amphetamine arrests accounted for one fifth of the national illicit drug arrests during 2008/9 second only to cannabis.

Amphetamine arrests are the highest on record.

South East Asia remains a global production and trafficking hub for amphetamines.

Amphetamines can cause cardiovascular problems like rapid heart rate, high blood pressure and hypothermia.

Amphetamines can cause death and long term use causes violent behavior, severe brain changes and psychosis.

(Source: Australian Crime Commission Illicit Drug Data Report 2008/9 released 8 June 2010)

DRUG ADVISORY COUNCIL COMMENTS-

Amphetamine demand is still high in Australia.

New forms of amphetamines like ICE (methamphetamines) are responsible for many mental problems for Australian hospitals.

Amphetamine use is a major cause of medical traumas for Australian health systems.

Whilst border protection and law enforcement are bearing the brunt of the control of amphetamine use the high demand is driving supply.

To curb demand, ALL amphetamine users need to be diverted into drug rehabilitation at the first apprehension to get them free of drug use.

Its time to invest in rehabilitation programs that are backed by court diversion programs that help users to quit.

Amphetamine Report

The latest annual report from the International Narcotics Control Board claims that most amphetamines like speed in Australia are made in domestic laboratories.

These Australian illicit drug laboratories are small and highly mobile being able to be moved quickly and easily.

However, there is an increasing amount of amphetamines being smuggled in with Australian border protection agencies reporting a ten fold increase of detections between 2006/7 and 2007/8.

Speed is being sent from North America and South East Asia with a large shipment from China detected in November 2008.

(Source: 2009 Annual Report, International Narcotics Control Board released 24 February 2010).

DRUG ADVISORY COUNCIL COMMENTS-

As with other illicit drugs, amphetamines are attracting increasing imports and local production because of the high demand in Australia.

This high demand is providing incentives for organized criminal groups to provide speed.

Early intervention rehabilitation is needed to eliminate the health damage of users.

Amphetamine use causes brain damage, violence, heart problems, stroke, psychosis and addiction.

An intensive drug demand reduction campaign with a diversion of identified speed users into rehabilitation will prevent further harm to users and also assist in reducing health costs to Australian authorities.

A drug demand reduction campaign will also assist Australian border protection agencies to combat the increasing importation of speed.

Back yard illicit drug risks

According to police the rapid increase of back yard drug laboratories in residential areas poses increased risks of very powerful vapour explosions.

In Victoria alone the number of laboratories found has increased from 19 in 2002 to 112 in 2009.

Cannabis oil, amphetamines, ICE and GBH are the main illicit drugs manufactured in the laboratories.

Explosions and house fires expose neighbours to injury and toxic gases.

(Source: Melbourne Herald Sun newspaper 14 May 2010).

Australian Crime Commission reported that detected drug laboratories tripled in the last 10 years from 131 in 1998/9 to 356 in 2007/8.

Most laboratories were in Queensland, Victoria and South Australia.

(Source: Illicit Drug Data Report 2007/8, Australian Crime Commission)

DRUG ADVISORY COUNCIL COMMENTS-

This information confirms the growing risks to the community of toxic chemicals used to make illicit drugs.

It confirms the high Australian illicit drug use is driving higher demand and increasing risks in the wider community.

These higher and rising community risks need to be highlighted together with other risks like drug induced road trauma in the true costs of higher illicit drug use.

Australia now needs to reduce its drug using population to worlds best practice by court ordered and supervised rehabilitation to reduce these increasing risks.

Ice And Speed Risks

Most amphetamine type illicit drugs like ICE and Speed are produced in Australia in clandestine laboratories.

Where ICE and Speed are imported, the major detections are focused on Sydney with parcel post and air cargo used by the traffickers to get the drugs into Australia.

There were over 700 clandestine laboratories detected in Australia.

Regular injecting drug users claim ICE and Speed are easy to get and two out of three injecting users have recently used these drugs.

One in five police detainees tested positive for ICE and Speed.

ICE is getting cheaper in most cities in Australia.

(Source: Australian Crime Commission Illicit Drug Data Report 2010-11)

DRUG ADVISORY COUNCIL COMMENTS-

Both ICE and Speed have caused deaths to users so the consequences of the use of these drugs are serious.

As well users are likely to have seizures, memory deficits, strokes, coma, paranoia, hallucinations and hypertension.

Clandestine laboratories are a significant risk to local communities and properties where ICE and Speed are “cooked” have significant health consequences to later residents.

Because of cheaper prices, the risks of ICE and Speed to users will put more strain on health, ambulance and mental health providers.

Police detainees prove the link between crime and illicit drug use.

There is therefore an incentive for prevention programs and diversion into rehabilitation to reduce the number of users.

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THE DRUG ADVISORY COUNCIL OF AUSTRALIA SUPPORTS

More detoxification & rehabilitation that gets illicit drug users drug free.
Court ordered and supervised detoxification & rehabilitation.
Less illicit drug users, drug pushers and drug related crimes.

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